2014. pH1: A Transactional Middleware for NoSQL.
33rd IEEE International Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems - SRDS. Abstract
NoSQL databases opt not to offer important abstractions traditionally found in relational databases in order to achieve high levels of scalability and availability: transactional guarantees and strong data consistency.
In this work we propose pH1, a generic middleware layer over NoSQL databases that offers transactional guarantees with Snapshot Isolation. This is achieved in a non-intrusive manner,
requiring no modifications to servers and no native support for multiple versions. Instead, the transactional context is achieved by means of a multiversion distributed cache and an external
transaction certifier, exposed by extending the client’s interface with transaction bracketing primitives.
We validate and evaluate pH1 with Apache Cassandra and Hyperdex. First, using the YCSB benchmark, we show that the cost of providing ACID guarantees to these NoSQL databases
amounts to 11% decrease in throughput.
Moreover, using the transaction intensive TPC-C workload, pH1 presented an impact of 22% decrease in throughput. This contrasts with OMID, a previous proposal that takes advantage of
HBase’s support for multiple versions, with a throughput penalty of 76% in the same conditions.